Project 1: Stage 2—Archetypal Roles and Nonmaterial Culture (REDO)(REDO)InstructionsFor Stage 2 of your paper, you will address what archetypal roles are present in the myth you chose in Stage 1 and identify the elements of nonmaterial culture you think are addressed by the myth. Review theProject 1: Myths & Archetypes- Full Description before you begin, and be concise with your explanations and focus on gathering your ideas and resources.In a 350–550 word essay, do the following:List one or two of the major characters in the myth and match them to their archetypal roles. Briefly identify what nonmaterial culture (beliefs, values, norms, or customs and traditions, etc.) you think these archetypes and the storyline represent from the myth’s culture and briefly explain why.Identify one theorist’s approach not related to the archetypes that you could use to discuss the relationship between the myth and the nonmaterial culture and briefly explain how it applies. Examples of these theoretical approaches can be found in Week 1’s Required Learning Materials (Frazer, Jung, Bell, Durkheim, Levi-Strauss, etc.).List three credible scholarly sources that will help you explain the meaning this myth and its major figures have in the culture or society where this myth comes from. Make sure to use reliable scholarly sources and cite these appropriately. Provide a brief annotation (one sentence) for each scholarly source, noting how it will help you with this paper. For example: “This resource will help me understand Maori culture.”Learning Materials to consult for this assignment:Week 1Mythology as Methods for Studying MythFour Functions of MythNon-Material CultureWeek 2″The Primal Foundational Accounts” in Primal Foundational AccountsDoty, William G. Mythography : The Study of Myths and Rituals. University Alabama Press, 2000.Week 4Jung & the ArchetypesCommon ArchetypesThe Other ArchetypeThe Mother ArchetypeStudying Myth & Humankind’s Roles & Relative StatusesSubmit this as a Word document. Use MLA formatting for your citations. Formatting should be typed, double-spaced, and use a common 12-pt. font like Times New Roman or Calibri.Surname 1
Project 1 of 1
Myths of the World: The Creation Myth of the Yoruba People
Summary of the Creation Myth
The Yoruba people are initially from Nigeria and Benin, and this essay outlines their
origin myth. The Orisha version of this myth describes how a group of gods, the Orishas were
instrumental in the birth of the universe and the rise of human civilization. Water and a
supreme entity named Olodumare are all that existed at the start of this narrative. The
physical reality was created by Obatala, the primeval God, at Olodumare’s behest. Obatala,
usually portrayed as an elderly and wise man, came down from heaven with a sack of sand, a
chicken, and a palm nut. Obatala emptied the bag of sand onto the ocean’s surface, turning it
into land. He let the hen loose, scraping the sand and forming valleys, hills, and mountains
(Olumide 101). Obatala eventually put the palm nut in the ground, which sprung many other
kinds of plant life that repopulated the planet. Oduduwa dropped from above using the chain,
bringing a gourd of dirt and a rooster. He scattered dirt over the landscape, and the spots
where it landed formed the centers of new settlements. The crow of the cockerel heralded the
arrival of new life and energy to the growing human communities.
Identification of its Main Characters
In the Yoruba creation myth, Obatala and Oduduwa play pivotal roles. Oduduwa, the
mythical ancestor of the Yoruba, also plays a significant role in this myth. While Oduduwa is
honored as the progenitor and forefather of Yoruba culture, Obatala is celebrated as the
creator of the material universe (Olumide 110). Their deeds in this tale serve as the basis for
the Yoruba people’s cultural and religious practices and their understanding of their
The Cultural Origins of the Yoruba Creation Myth
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The Orisha version originates from the Yoruba culture. The story of the Orishas plays
a crucial part in defining the worldview and societal behaviors of the Yoruba people, who
have a rich tradition of religion, art, and myth (Olumide 101). The Orishas are the deities of
the Yoruba religion, also known as Yoruba mythology or Ifá religion, and are revered for their
roles in creation, destiny, and spiritual connection.
The Category of the Creation Myth
The Yoruba people’s preferred creation myth is considered a cosmogonic myth since it
describes how the universe came to be. It also contains thematic aspects typical of thiogenic
myths in that it tells of the origins of the gods and the part they played in creating the
universe (Olumide 110).
Reasons Why the Myth Interests Me
The Yoruba creation myth is significant and interesting for various reasons. The
Yoruba creation myth highlights their attachment to their ancestry regarding the world’s
creation. Additionally, it illustrates their different values and traditions. Second, the Orishas,
depicted in the myth as creators and protectors/mediators between people and the divine, are
given central importance (Olumide 118). Their personalities and histories illuminate universal
truths and instructive moral and ethical principles. Typical of many myths, this entwining of
the heavenly and human realms illustrates the complicated interaction between humans and
the supernatural.
Works Cited
Olumide, Esther Bamitale. A comparative analysis of the Genesis creation story and Yorùbá
myth of creation. Diss. Kwara State University (Nigeria), 2019.

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