In Unit 7, you learned how the petroleum, transportation, and nanotechnology industries implement P2 by taking advantage of programs such as recycling, switching to safer chemicals, or reducing the amounts of hazardous waste produced making better corporate economics. In Unit 8, you will determine how P2 has an impact on ecosystems and biological communities, which is often referred to as industrial ecology. Industrial ecology is the understanding of how industry impacts the environment and the strategies they implement to reduce the overall impact on the environment as they produce its product. Instead of a company using a linear process; raw materials producing a product, and disposing of excess waste; an industrial ecosystem is more circular. The process begins with the raw materials, however, throughout the production, excess waste to repurposed back into the production line, reducing the overall waste. In theory, producing a product with no end waste or the input of nonrenewable resources. As you know from previous units, companies that embrace P2, recognize that P2 can save money over the long term. These companies consider life cycle assessment (LCA), vital in analyzing their existing processes, to reduce costs and make them more resource-efficient. These same companies use the information and data collected in previous P2 analyses, to apply LCA designs in new processes to streamline new or other existing products. Throughout this course, you have learned about Pollution Prevention and companies with P2 cultures. To a degree, these companies are businesses that are environmentally regulated and work with local, state, and federal environmental regulators to achieve and go beyond environmental requirements. You learned over the last seven units, how companies reduce their hazardous waste inventories and develop processes to reduce the steps and resources required to produce their products. Companies that use P2 processes; save energy, natural resources, and our environment; and are considered agents of our environment and are typically hailed within their communities. Remember a corporation is ultimately in business to make a profit and if they are plagued with environmental fines, increased steps to make a product, shutdowns, or increased uses of natural resources; then a healthy P2 program can make a difference toward making a profit. In the end, increased profits and shareholder value are the benefits of a P2 culture.QUESTIONDiscuss the harm to the ecosystem and biological communities if pollution prevention is not used. Discuss how pollution prevention can reduce harm to an ecosystem and biological community. Identify the impacts of pollution in your location.Respond to Journal Question is due by Tuesday. Your journal entry must be at least 400 words (2 pages double-spaced) in length; about one page.

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